Jehovah's Witnesses

WHO IS Jesus Christ? Is He God?

(Continued from page 85)

So the WBTS have made it clear that, whenever we come across the Greek words "kurios" and "theos" in the Greek Scriptures, we should ask if the verse alludes in any way to the Hebrew Scriptures and, if it does, check to see if the Tetragrammaton (that is the Divine Name) appears there.  If it does, then those Greek words should properly be translated as "*Jehovah."

So, let us try using this rule of the
WBTS to examine Romans Chapter 10.  By referencing to the Greek translation we find the neuter genitive case of the noun "kurios" and, by examining this verse in the NWT reference Bible, we notice that there is a cross-reference (marked by the letter i) to Joel 2v32:

"...everyone who
calls on the name of Jehovah will get away safe....'

So here we have an example of the
WBTS applying their rule to a quote from the Old Testament.  Let us now follow their recommendation and apply it to verse 9 of Romans 10:

'For if you publicly declare that word in your own mouth, that Jesus is Lord and exercise faith in your heart that God raised him up from the dead, you will be saved.'

If we cross-reference to the
Kingdom Interlinear Translation (KIT) to examine the original Greek word translated into English as "Lord" in this verse we find that it is the Greek word "kurios." Read to verse 13 and you will find that the WBTS have applied their rule of Appendix 1D and translated "kurios" as "*Jehovah," because the apostle Paul is referring to Joel 2:32 (where the tetragrammaton appears in the Hebrew).

However, at
verse 9, Paul refers to the same Hebrew passage, but here it is now clear that he is applying it specifically to Jesus.  Therefore the WBTS have inserted an asterisk after the words: "Jesus is Lord" and, looking at the footnote to verse 9, we find under the reference letter g*: "Gr., kyrios; J12-14, 16-18, 22 (Heb), ha adhohn "the Lord."

Now, why didn't the WBTS insert "*Jehovah"?

We have already seen from earlier study of Malachi 3:1 that the WBTS admit that the Hebrew expression "ha adhohn" is the exclusive title of *Jehovah, the [true] God.

Why do the WBTS have a footnote at Malachi 3:1 to Appendix 1H - but here in Romans 10:9 they omit to make this point about the exclusiveness of "ha adhohn."?  Is this deception of the WBTS a unique, 'one-off' error?  Alas, no!

In the
WBTS KIT, 1969, p. 885, "kyrios" is translated "Lord" in Philippians 2v10-11. However, as the NWT (1950) translation of this passage shows (via footnotes), this is a direct quote from Isaiah 45v23-24!  Since the translators used "*Jehovah" in the Isaiah passage their own rule determines that they should also have rendered Philippians 2v10-11 as "Jesus Christ is *Jehovah."

How do the
WBTS explain this disparity in their work?  Read the WBTS book "You Can Live Forever On Paradise On Earth" (hereafter abbreviated "Paradise") where we find these words on pages 52-53:

"There are more than 1,700 ancient copies of the various portions of the Hebrew Scriptures available. By carefully comparing these many very old copies, even the few mistakes copyists made can be found and corrected. Also, there are thousands of very old copies of the Greek Scriptures, some of which copies date back nearly to the time of Jesus and his apostles. Thus, as Sir Frederic Kenyon said: 'The last foundation for any doubt that the Scriptures have come down to us substantially as they were written has now been removed." - The Bible and Archaeology, pages 288-9. 19. This does not mean that there have not been attempts to change God's Word. There have been. A notable example is 1 John 5:7. In the King James Version of 1611 it reads: "For there are three that bear record in heaven, the Father, the Word and the Holy Ghost: and these three are one." Yet these words do not appear in any of the early copies of the Bible. They were added by someone who was trying to support the Trinity teaching. Since it is clear that these words are not really part of God's Word, corrections have been made and the words do not appear in newer Bibles. 20. So anyone who says that the Bible does not contain the same information as when it was originally written simply does not know the facts. Jehovah God has seen to it that His word has been protected not only from mistakes copyists made, but also from attempts of others to make additions to it.  The Bible itself contains God's promise that His Word would be kept in a pure form for us today. - Ps 12:6,7; Dan 12:4; 1 Peter 1:24,25; Rev 22:18,19."

This statement in the "Paradise" book is quite amazing in the light of the details previously examined in the NWT. Appendix 1D argues that the Scriptures have been tampered with by copyists so as to eliminate the Divine Name, and yet the "Paradise" book approvingly quotes Sir Frederic Kenyon: "The last foundation for any doubt that the Scriptures have come down to us substantially as they were written has now been removed."  The "Paradise" book even condemns the KJV for what the WBTS claims is a deliberate attempt to smuggle into God's Word the teaching of the Trinity - a teaching they call false - at 1 John 5:7, yet it sees nothing wrong with putting into the Greek Scriptures a name that simply was not there in the original writings.

Equally amazing is the
WBTS statement: "So anyone who says that the Bible does not contain the same information as when it was originally written simply does not know the facts."

Consider these contradictions in the light of the
WBTS argument (Appendix 1D) that they need to invent a new rule to justify adding the name "*Jehovah" in places where it simply does not appear.

How can the WBTS accuse a copyist of adding to God's Word in the KJV - and then SELECTIVELY add "*Jehovah" to the NWT text themselves?

A good translator will examine Romans 10:9 & 13 to determine the context. Here we find that Paul is telling us in verses 1-4 that he really has a burden to see his own people, the Jews, come to an accurate knowledge of the truth, and he tells us that he bears witness that they have a zeal for God - but that they go wrong because they do not have the 'accurate knowledge' that the WBTS love to emphasise (Romans 10:2  (AV): 'For I bear them record that they have a zeal of God, but not according to knowledge').  He argues that Christ is the end of the Law for all those who put their faith IN CHRIST. Paul goes on to argue that true righteousness comes by putting your faith in Christ Jesus (verse 4). This is done by two things:

1. confessing Jesus with your mouth;
2. putting your faith in the God who raised him from the dead. This is the 'accurate knowledge' that leads to salvation that Paul desired that the Jews would come to understand, but which they could not seem to grasp
(5-10). Paul goes on to argue that, although this may seem hard for the Jews to understand, it is actually taught in the Hebrew Scriptures, because what he had said concerning Jesus in verse 9 is confirmed in Joel 2:32 where Paul quotes the prophet (verse 11-13). So Paul is telling us that Jesus is the One who Joel was writing about.

If we compare
Malachi 3:1 with Romans 10:9 & 13 two things became clear:

the Bible shows that the name "*Jehovah" applies to the Father and the Son.
the WBTS knows this fact but seek to hide it from the sincere seeker after truth!

Since the Scripture says that only those who confess
"Jesus as Lord" will be saved (Romans 10v9) - and in turn that no one can say, "Jesus is Lord" except by the Holy Spirit (1 Cor 12v3), then it is obviously vitally important to have a correct, biblical understanding of the Holy Spirit. Our ETERNAL SALVATION is involved. It should also be emphasised that acknowledging Jesus as Lord can only mean recognising His full deity as God!  Why?  Because every denomination, sect or cult calling itself Christian will accept Him as Lord - but what kind of Lord? Lord of all - or not Lord at all, because the Holy Spirit cannot be inspiring all the different interpretations of "Lord" - can it? Why else have the WBTS inserted "*Jehovah" for Lord (Greek "kyrios") when it suits their theology - and failed to do so when it applies to Christ?

Another example of the deceptive
WBTS "scholarship" can be found in a footnote in the NWT to J. C. Reichardt's 1846 version of The New Testament in which he referred to the Hebrew (J14) manuscripts and therefore used the tetragrammaton in 1 Corinthians 11v23 in place of Lord. What the WBTS failed to point out to students was that Reichardt also inserted the tetragrammaton in place of Lord at 1 Corinthians 12v3! Why did they fail to point this out? Because they could not accept the ONLY clear and logical reading that:

"Nobody can say that 'Jesus is 'Jehovah'' except by the Holy Spirit."

"The Watchtower" (May 15, 1960, p.320) carried an article which stated:

"The word ky'rios without the definite article is thus used also in 1 Corinthians 12v3. There in the Greek text the same expression occurs as in Philippians 2:11, namely, KYRIOS JESOUS. In both texts the Greek word ky'rios is a title by which a person of a certain name is to be addressed. Hence it would be wrong, in fact ridiculous, to render that expression KYRIOS JESOUS "Jehovah Jesus." None of the Hebrew translations render it "Jehovah Jesus," but recognise the Greek word ky'ios there as a title and hence use the Hebrew word Adon, meaning Lord, instead of the name Jehovah.

Hence the New World Translation is consistent, and it violates no general rule of action set forth in its Foreword when it renders the expression in
1 Corinthians 12v3, as well as in Philippians 2v11, "Jesus is Lord," not "Jesus is Jehovah." So the translators are not to be charged with being influenced by the theology of the antitrinitarian Arius for doing so."

The WBTS "violates no general rule of action" except the one it has set itself of misrepresenting the Person of Christ if it means having to admit that He is fully 'Jehovah' God.  Why else would they deem it "ridiculous" to admit that "Jesus is 'Jehovah'" except that it is beyond their human reasoning?  It is difficult to believe that they could state that '"none of the Hebrew translations render it "'Jehovah' Jesus"' when they have specifically searched Reichardt's works for support of the tetragrammaton and must have noticed this in cross-referencing!

As sincere seekers after the truth we are instructed by God's Word to
"make sure of ALL things" (1 Thess 5:19-21) and to search the Scriptures to see if these things are so - as the Beroeans did in Acts 17:11.  It is clear that if you read WBTS materials with their guides alone (i.e. their Awake!  and Watchtower magazines, books and mis-translated Bibles and 'Commentaries!), and fail to study the Bible on your own, they will teach you only their 'truth' which is absolutely deceptive, as we have shown time and time again!

It should surprise no one who has read this far to find that Charles Taze Russell, the founder of the organization that developed into the
WBTS, made these comments about his own books, 'Studies in the Scriptures':

People cannot see the divine plan by studying the Bible itself.  We find also that if anyone lays the Scripture studies aside, even after he has become familiar with them, if he lays them aside and ignores them and goes to the Bible alone, our experience shows that within two years he goes into darkness.  On the other hand, if he has merely read the Scripture studies with their references, and has not read a page of the Bible as such, he would be in the light at the end of two years.' (Watchtower, September 15, 1910)

Strange that the founder of this cult should dare to put his work above the Word of God!  And admit that anyone reading '
the Bible alone' 'goes into darkness', i.e. discovers Bible truth, 'within two years'!
Seventy-one years after this statement the
WBTS inadvertently made another staggeringly revealing admission:

"From time to time, there have arisen from among the ranks of Jehovah's people those, who, like the original Satan, have adopted
an independent, faultfinding attitude...They say that it is sufficient to read the Bible exclusively, either alone or in small groups at home. But, strangely, through such ''Bible reading,' they have reverted right back to the apostate doctrines that commentaries by Christendom's clergy were teaching 100 years ago..." (The Watchtower, August 15, 1981).

Truly, it
is strange to find that anyone rejecting the WBTS writings and studying 'the Bible exclusively ... reverted right back to the apostate doctrines that commentaries by Christendom's clergy were teaching 100 years ago'!  It would be difficult to find two clearer statements revealing the truth about the WBTS cult.  Clearly, their doctrines are not found in the Bible - for anyone reading the Word of God 'alone' has a 'strange' tendency to believe what so many other Bible students have found!  Salvation is in the Lord Jesus Christ - our God and our Saviour!

The deceptions revealed on these pages have been found by diligently reading the poisoned works of the
WBTS and comparing them to the Bible - but why read their obviously deceptive material at all when Jesus said the Holy Spirit - NOT the man-made WBTS organisation - would lead us into ALL truth (John 16v13)?

Notice the huge difference between an accurate picture of the Lord Jesus Christ from the whole of Scripture.  It shows Him to be the Eternal God, equal to the Father, yet 
referred to as an Angel (or messenger) in some passages without detracting from His deity in any way at all.

The WBTS attempts to denigrate the Lord Jesus Christ to the role of a created archangel, Michael, has been shown to be an utter fabrication.  But we have proven that, in the Old Testament, Christ often appeared as a 'messenger' (sometimes translated 'angel') who was 'Jehovah' - Almighty God!

Beyond the Book of Judges, the Angel of 'Jehovah' virtually disappears from Jewish history. He only appears twice more in the Scriptures. In Isaiah 37:36, He slaughters the Assyrian army, and in the first six chapters of Zechariah, He is the One who gives Zechariah his eight visions.


In Isaiah 42:8, God says of Himself:

"I Am Jehovah; that is my name,
my glory I will not give to another..."

When we compare this statement with
Exodus 23:21 we are better able to understand the unique nature of the Angel of 'Jehovah'. In Exodus 23:20- 23, it is God who is speaking, and He says:

23:20 Behold,
I send an angel before thee, to keep thee by the way, and to bring thee into the place which I have prepared. 21 Take ye heed before him, and hearken unto his voice; provoke him not; for he will not pardon your transgression: for my name is in him.  22 But if thou shalt indeed hearken unto his voice, and do all that I speak; then I will be an enemy unto thine enemies, and an adversary unto thine adversaries.  23 For mine angel shall go before thee, and bring thee in unto the Amorite, and the Hittite, and the Perizzite, and the Canaanite, the Hivite, and the Jebusite: and I will cut them off. (ASV)

In Exodus 23:20, God says that this '
Angel' will lead the people of Israel throughout the Exodus until they come into the Land. This is consistent with Judges 2:1, which we have already looked at.

In verse 21, several commands are given. Israel is commanded to be obedient to this '
Angel' and not to provoke Him to anger. This 'Angel' commands the people*s absolute obedience. Why? Because "my Name is in him."

This '
Angel' is very special for several reasons:

he will not pardon your transgression (verse 21)
    He has the power to forgive sins; a prerogative that only God has.
my name is in him (verse 21)

The name is '
Jehovah', a name given only to members of the Godhead; this 'Angel' has that name.

3. There are blessings for obeying Him (verse 22)
4. He is the '
Angel' of the Exodus (verse 23)

Later, in Exodus 32:34-35 we read that despite the warnings, the people did indeed rebel against this '
Angel' and were punished for it.

Hosea 12:3-5 also says that this Angel has the very name of God in Him. The fact that He has all four letters of God*s name within His Name indicates that He is actually God Himself.

When Isaiah 63:7-14 describes Him as the Angel of God*s presence, He is in fact the second Person of the Trinity.

(Continued on page 87)

We have already seen from earlier study of Malachi 3:1 that the WBTS admit that the Hebrew expression "ha adhohn" is the exclusive title of *Jehovah, the [true] God.

The WBTS attempts to denigrate the Lord Jesus Christ to the role of a created archangel, Michael, has been shown to be an utter fabrication.  But we have proven that, in the Old Testament, Christ often appeared as a 'messenger' (sometimes translated 'angel') who was 'Jehovah' - Almighty God!

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